Today is January 2, 2012 and under the Gregorian calendar and as per tradition in western culture or any and all culture under the influence of the Roman religious cult; it is customary to greet strangers and familiars with a chant of “Happy New Year!” The Gregorian calendar is an artificial marking of the limitless entity called time, where men can successfully chart their interaction with nature and each other. According to information I have garnered, on what was September 2, 1752, which was a Wednesday evening by the way, millions of Brutish subjects in England and the colonies went to sleep and according to his-story’s account, technically did not wake up until twelve days later. This phenomenon occurred, not from some science fiction Rip Van Winkle episode, but solely due the British Calendar Act of 1751 which had declared the day after Wednesday the second to be Thursday the fourteenth.
Prior to that September evening, the official Brutish calendar differed from that of continental Europe by eleven days—that is, September 2 in London was September 13 in Paris, Lisbon, and Berlin. The discrepancy had sprung from Britain’s continued use of the Julian calendar, which had been the official calendar of Europe since its invention by Julius (husband to many women, wife to many men) Caesar after whom it was named in 45 B.C. This was over stood to be a no brainer for them, as London was founded by the Romans and England was a colony of Rome. Caesar’s calendar, which consisted of eleven months of 30 or 31 days and a 28-day February (extended to 29 days every fourth year), was supposedly quite accurate: it erred from the real solar calendar by only 11½ minutes a year. After centuries, though, even a small inaccuracy like this adds up. By the sixteenth century, it had put the Julian calendar behind the solar one by 10 days.
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII ordered the advancement of the calendar by 10 days and introduced a corrective device to curb further error: century years such as 1700 or 1800 would no longer be counted as leap years, unless they were (like 1600 or 2000) divisible by 400. This system was claimed to be more effective, and is still in official use in Western countries-or countries under Greco-Roman-Christian Flags. The Gregorian calendar year differs from the solar year by only 26 seconds—accurate enough for most mortals, since this only adds up to one day’s difference every 3,323 years. Despite the prudence of Pope Gregory’s correction at the time, many Protestant countries, including England, ignored the papal bull. Germany and the Netherlands agreed to adopt the Gregorian calendar in 1698; Russia only accepted it after the revolution of 1918, and Greece waited until 1923 to follow suit. And many Orthodox churches still follow the Julian calendar, which now lags 13 days behind the Gregorian.
Just a side note: 2012 in the Gregorian calendar is actually 6252 if you are following the ancient Kimityu calendar, but since many view civilization as wholly European, any mention of an alternative or ancient calendar is dismissed. All dismissed that is except for one calendar chosen by some European to be of most importance to us- this year in particular.
Many cultures have extremely accurate and long charted calendars, including the Zulus and other nations in Africa and those people from more ancient families than that of Europe. Among their other accomplishments, the ancient Mayas invented a calendar of remarkable accuracy and complexity.
The ancient Mayan Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichén Itzá, in Yucatan, Mexico; was constructed circa 1050 and was built during the late Mayan period, when Toltecs from Tula became politically powerful. The pyramid was used as a calendar: It had four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months. The Maya calendar uses three different dating systems in parallel, the Long Count, the Tzolkin (divine calendar), and the Haab (civil calendar). Of these, only the Haab has a direct relationship to the length of the year.
A typical Mayan date looks like this: 18.104.22.168.6, 3 Cimi 4 Zotz.
22.214.171.124.6 Is the Long Count date. 3 Cimi is the Tzolkin date.
What is the Long Count?
The Long Count is really a mixed base-20/base-18 representation of a number, representing the number of days since the start of the Mayan era. It is thus akin to the Julian Day Number.
The basic unit is the kin (day), which is the last component of the Long Count. Going from right to left the remaining components are:
|uinal||(1 uinal = 20 kin = 20 days)|
|tun||(1 tun = 18 uinal = 360 days = approx. 1 year)|
|katun||(1 katun = 20 tun = 7,200 days = approx. 20 years)|
|baktun||(1 baktun = 20 katun = 144,000 days = approx. 394 years)|
|The kin, tun, and katun are numbered from 0 to 19.|
|The uinal are numbered from 0 to 17.|
|The baktun are numbered from 1 to 13.|
Although they are not part of the Long Count, the Mayas had names for larger time spans. The following names are sometimes quoted, although they are not ancient Maya terms:
|1 pictun = 20 baktun = 2,880,000 days = approx. 7885 years|
|1 calabtun = 20 pictun = 57,600,000 days = approx. 158,000 years|
|1 kinchiltun = 20 calabtun = 1,152,000,000 days = approx. 3 million years|
|1 alautun = 20 kinchiltun = 23,040,000,000 days = approx. 63 million years|
The alautun is probably the longest named period in any calendar.
When did the Long Count Start?
Logically, the first date in the Long Count should be 0.0.0.0.0, but as the baktun (the first component) are numbered from 1 to 13 rather than 0 to 12, this first date is actually written 126.96.36.199.0.
European pseudo experts disagree on what 188.8.131.52.0 corresponds to in our calendar. However, one theory was put forth below:
|184.108.40.206.0 = 8 Sep 3114 BC (Julian) = 13 Aug 3114 BC (Gregorian)|
|220.127.116.11.0 = 6 Sep 3114 BC (Julian) = 11 Aug 3114 BC (Gregorian)|
|18.104.22.168.0 = 11 Nov 3374 BC (Julian) = 15 Oct 3374 BC (Gregorian)|
Assuming one of the first two equivalences, the Long Count will again reach 22.214.171.124.0 on 21 or 23 December AD 2012 – a not too distant future.
This is where the European “experts” theorizes that the date 126.96.36.199.0 may have been the Mayas’ idea of the date of the creation of the world. And the end of the date at the far end symbolizes the end of the world, even though nowhere in Mayan lore was this stated as factual. But then, junk science never allowed common sense or exact research to interfere with sensationalism. And the call and response I have heard over the past several years was about the end of time and the fulfillment of the revelation of the European fantasy book.
The Tzolkin is a 260-day calendar based around the period of human gestation. It is composed of 20 day-signs, each of which has 13 variations, and was (and still is) used to determine character traits and time harmonics, in a similar way to Western astrology. The Maya also used a 365-day calendar called the Haab, and a Venus calendar, plus others. They measured long time periods by means of a Long Count, in which one 360-day year (a “Tun”), consists of 18 x 20-day “months” (“Uinals”). Twenty of these Tuns is a Katun; 20 Katuns is a Baktun (nearly 400 years); and 13 Baktuns adds up to a “Great Cycle” of 1,872,000 days, ( 5200 Tuns, or about 5125 years).
Mayan scholars have been attempting to correlate the Long Count with our Western Gregorian calendar, since the beginning of this century. There has been massive variation in the suggested correlations, but as early as 1905, Goodman suggested a correlation only 3 days from the most popular one today. Known as the GMT correlation, or “correlation # 584283”, this was finalized in 1950, and puts the start of the Great Cycle ( day 0.0.0.0.0) on 11th August 3114 BC, and the end-date (known as 188.8.131.52.0.) as 21st December 2012.
Jose Arguelles has pointed out that the Tzolkin is a harmonic of the Great Cycle, and can be used to map history, as if it is measuring not individual gestation but species gestation, since 5 Great Cycles add to exactly 26,000 Tuns; the “Grand Year” or precession of the equinoxes – a higher harmonic of 260.
NOTE: The astronomer Philip Plait has stated very clearly that the Mayan calendar does not end in 2012 at all, that it is like the odometer on your car, as each section of the odometer reaches 9 and then clicks over to 0, the next number to it starts a new cycle, so that when all the numbers again reach 0 all the way across the odometer – the last number will change from 1 to 2 and the new cycle starts all over again.
So if this is the case, why the weeping and crying about end time? How many of you remember Y2K. Don’t lie! Y’all knee-grows was following the Caucasian alarmists buying up generators and flashlights, stocking up on canned foods and looking for bomb shelters or at least a deep cellar to scurry under. Why do we continue to allow these alarmist and Jack assess to interfere with our mundane lives by stressing us out so much. Okay! I think that last question answered itself. Our lives are so mundane and lacking in spiritual health and wealth that we latch on to any excitable notion to perk us up. After all, there are so much of the sluts Kardashians, basketball wives or Jersey Shore one can take before we start poking our eyeballs out. Unfortunately religious fervor cannot be quantified and so continues to run amuck even during a period of increased and instant knowledge and communication across the globe. Even though the title of this post is the Year they fear, this is the second such nonsense (Y2K) and while perhaps there may be less stupidness (hey! English words are invented everyday) abound, there will no doubt be people who will be scanning the sky for meteors and chariots with a host of Cherubims coming down with flaming swords and fireworks galore. Heck, in my part of the world, the prosthelytizers are out en mass, passing out Qur’ans and bibles, debating the merits of world affairs as it relates to a particular deity and just generally scaring the women and children and making the the tourist trade embarrassing.
So now until December 21 2012, the countdown truly starts to pick up steam and for the rest of the year, folks with degrees and little or no life will be given a forum to debate the end of time scenario and scaring the sheeples in this year they fear. A year in which the “devoted” will re-acquaint themselves with their personal god as the planet hurtles to… who knows, who really knows?