A forgotten titan: Dedan Kimathi Waciuri


On April 9th, in the Greco-Roman year of 2013, the country of Kenya, on the (for those who don’t know) CONTINENT of Afrika/Meritu, Uhuru Kenyatta took the oath of office as Kenyan president. His ascendency presents the cannibals in the Western countries with the challenge of how to deal with a leader indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). Upon his swearing in, the  Uganda’s president, Yoweri Museveni,  praised Kenyans, at the ceremony, for rejecting what he called the court’s bid to sway the vote by “blackmail”, a reflection of the distrust or resentment of the court felt by many Africans. Kenyatta is charged with crimes against humanity for orchestrating “an orgy of intercommunal violence”, that followed the previous presidential election five years ago, an accusation he denies. When the United States and European powers outlined their policy during the campaign of only having “essential contacts” with court inductees, many Kenyans and some of Kenyatta’s aides accused them of trying intervene in Kenyan politics.

Please note there are 30 people currently on the list of those charged for crimes against humanity;

1 Bahr Abu Garda, 2 Mohammed Ali, 3 Abdallah Banda, 4 Omar al-Bashir, 5 Jean-Pierre Bemba, 6 Muammar Gaddafi, 7 Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, 8 Laurent Gbagbo, 9 Simone Gbagbo, 10 Ahmed Haroun, 11 Abdel Rahim Hussein, 12 Saleh Jerbo, 13 Germain Katanga, 14 Uhuru Kenyatta, 15 Joseph Kony, 16 Henry Kosgey, 17 Ali Kushayb, 18 Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, 19 Raska Lukwiya, 20 Callixte Mbarushimana, 21 Sylvestre Mudacumura, 22 Francis Muthaura, 23 Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui, 24 Bosco Ntaganda, 25 Okot Odhiambo, 26 Dominic Ongwen, 27 Vincent Otti, 28 William Ruto, 29 Joshua Sang, 30 Abdullah Senussi.

In taking a closer look at this list one can count on one hand the number of pale Arabs on the list (5) I place Gaddafi and his son with the other 25, which makes up a very suspicious list of Dark matter people accused by Yurugu and white supremacy of conducting crimes against Humanity. conspicuously absent from this list are the heads of such pariah states as the incorporated United states of America, The incorporated state of England, The monarchy of England, in fact the whole G8 and states as well as the CEO of the Blackwater mercenary group and the sycophants in India, Pakistan, Japan, China and South Korea, who have committed crimes against their own people and supported the west’s white supremacy and new world order agenda. Of course the leaders of the movement to enslave Uhuru Kenyatta is the half breed president, Barak Obama in his capacity as leader of the world’s number one bully state. While being also the worlds number one fomentor of death and destruction, invasions of sovereign countries and killer of men, women and children in imperial wars. The election of Kenyatta has got the the Western country’s speedos in a bunch as they strive to juggle their accusations and policy with their wish for close ties with Kenya, seen as a vital ally in the regional battle against militant Islam. Politics being such a mess, if the West slips up in its diplomatic balancing act, it risks opening more space to China and other Asian powers that are gaining both political and trading influence in Africa.

Kenyatta pledged to “be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Republic of Kenya” in his oath, taken on a bible (say it aint so?) used by his father, Jomo Kenyatta, who was Kenya’s first president after independence from Britain in 1963. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni told guests at the ceremony in a Nairobi stadium: “I want to salute the Kenyan voters on … the rejection of the blackmail by the International Criminal Court”, to cheers from tens of thousands.  Museveni, who has often accuses the West of using aid to interfere in African politics, said “the usual opinionated and arrogant actors” had tried to use the court to “install leaders of their choice in Africa“. Once again these arrogant and opinionated actors are interfering in the internal rule of Kenya.  A country that holds as much significant and endearing place in the heart of revolutionaries, as the country of Ghana under Nkrumah, Azania under the PAC and Steve Biko, ANC and Winnie Mandela and Namibia under Sam Nujoma.  In fact one of the greatest revolutionary of our time came out of Kenya’s fight for liberation from under the jackboots of the Nazis of the Brutish empire’s colonial and imperial transgressions.

A symbol of defiance forever.

In the middle of the junction of Kimathi Street and Mama Ngina Street, isolated in the midst the city traffic, a sculpture stands on a pedestal, over looking the passersby. Fifty years after his murder by the agents of the Brutish empire and her Judas’s, the man, whom the statue was made for, still stands defiant with a rifle in the right hand and a dagger in the left, both symbolically and in the hearts of those who remember him. In his depiction on the statue, he is clothed in the same military uniform of the British soldiers that he fought, a tribute to the time he served in the imperialist army. His hair a crown of dreadlocks and an intrepid ferociousness and overall rebellion. The polished concrete statue is overcome with rough tones and texture with grit as its medium. Besides adding aesthetic beauty to Kimathi Street, this piece of art portrays a resilient man of ragged nature in a brazen stance. Now gazetted as a national treasure, it acts as a public site of memory and narrative to the revolutionary struggle that elevated Dedan Kimathi into the legendary hero who embodies sacrifice and true Kenyan nationalism.

DKM_Ext-08-450x600

Only a few men can be as revered and admired as the sensation that is Dedan Kimathi. He has managed to capture the imagination of numerous generations as the symbol of freedom and Kenyan resistance to colonial rule. While Jomo Kenyatta was the safe and political voice, that the western government were willing to tolerate, Kamathi was the spook who sat by the door. The brother who led one of the most inspiring of the continent’s numerous revolutions to overthrow European and Western oppression. 

07 Kimathi

Today most people vaguely remember the revolutionaries of the past. Outside of Nelson Mandela, many don’t know, don’t care or have never been taught the rich ourstory of the Dark matter people of Meritu, who refused to sit on the wayside waiting for the crumbs of European largesses that were/are and continue to be stolen from the continent.

Who Is Dedan Kimathi

In around 1947 or 1948, whilst working in Ol Kalou, Kimathi came into close contact with members of the Kenya African Union. By 1950, he was secretary to the KAU branch at Ol Kalou, which was controlled by militant supporters of the revolutionary cause. The movement began as the Land and Freedom Army, a militant Kikuyu army out to reclaim their land that they claimed had been gradually stripped from them by the Brutish settlers. As the group’s influence and membership widened it became a major threat to the colonialists invaders. Upon taking the oath of secrecy, in 1951 he joined the Forty Group, which was the militant wing of the defunct Kikuyu Central Association. As branch secretary, Kimathi presided over oath taking. He believed strongly in compelling fellow Kikuyu by way of oath to bring solidarity to the independence movement. To achieve this, he administered beatings and carried a double-barrelled shotgun. His activities with the group made him a target of the colonial government, and he was briefly arrested that same year but escaped with the help of local police. This marked the beginning of his revolutionary uprising. He formed the Kenya Defence Council to co-ordinate all forest fighters in 1953.

In 1956, on 21 October exactly four years to the day since the start of the uprising, Kimathi was arrested in the Nyeri forest by a group led by Brutish mercenary, Ian Henderson and locals who betrayed him to the enemy. His capture marked the end of the forest war. He was sentenced to death by a court presided by Chief Justice O’Connor, while he was in a hospital bed at the General Hospital Nyeri. In the early morning of 18 February 1957 he was executed by the colonial government. The hanging took place at the Kamiti Maximum Security Prison. He was buried in an unmarked grave, and his burial site remains unknown.

Kimathi is viewed as a national hero by the current Kenyan government, and in 2006, the statue  was unveiled in Nairobi city centre.  This official celebration of  The Land and Freedom Movement is in marked contrast to a post-colonial norm of all previous Kenyan governments regarding the man as a terrorists. Such a turnabout has attracted praise from Kenyans as a long overdue recognition of the Land and Freedom Army for their part in the struggle for independence. Elsewhere, The Dedan Kimathi Stadium in Nyeri was renamed after him, it was formerly known as Kamukunji Grounds.

Kimathi was married to Mukami Kimathi. Among their children are sons Wachiuri and Maina and daughters Nyawira and Wanjugu. In 2010, Kimathi’s widow requested that the search for her husband’s body be renewed so she could give him a proper burial.

The Devonshire white papers

This piece of useless document was first conceived by the Brutish home office to prevent fights between the European settler invaders and South Asians settler invaders in the  colony of Kenya. The problem was that both invaders were ready to fight each other over the stolen land and due to the need to maintain peace between the two factions, the Devonshire White papers was thought to be a solution to those problems.

The motive for declaration in these papers were:

1. Interference on economic arena between white settlers and Asians especially trade. Each class regarded itself as sole controller of the economy.

2 Misinterpretation of colonial policy by settlers. Kenya being a crown colony made the settlers think that  they would be having total autonomy on everything on expense of other classes e.g Africans and Asians.

3. Degraded status of African natives. Africans were made squatters on their own land. They were dehumanized by both classes. The declaration intended to solve this problem.

4. Dispute over land ownership. It aimed to settle the issue among all classes.

5. Racial sentiment among classes. Racial conflict between Asians and Europeans prompted the declaration. Each class declared to be superior over the Kenyans.

6 . Inability of colonial state to settle issues of colonies necessitated interference by British colonial office through the declaration.

7. sympathy of missionaries to Africans. They pressurised colonial office to protect Africans…. so that they can safely enslave their minds under Christianity.

Seeing this fuckery happening on their own land, the Africans started forming underground movements. Up untill 1944 a European missionary represented the dark matter Kenyans on the Legislative council, so the the Kenyan population decided to separate into secret societies on tribal and  tradition basis.  After 1945, a number of political groups were formed some of which led to the formation of the Land and Freedom Army. People please do not call them Mau-Mau, because this was a derogatory name given them by the colonialists to dismiss their legitimate fight for freedom. The group that spearheaded this was that of the dissatisfied ex-soldiers known as the “FORTY GROUP” in 1946.They began by organizing opposition of European policies e.g. stopping the Kikuyu from terracing their land.  The group was then joined by the other groups and formed one entity called “Kenya Land and Freedom Army”. In 1946, they got in touch with Kenyatta after he had returned from Britain, he was the leader of the Kenya African Union (KAU) (after James Gichuru).

 The rebels had many demands from the government but most important of all was independence for all Kenyans and a return of land grabbed by the Europeans. Kenyatta as KAU (Kenya African Union) leader had kept in touch with the local leaders and their activities and later became their leader. Although he tried to get national support for the party, it remained predominantly Kikuyu and failed to gain significance beyond the central province. The European settler invaders became even more hostile to Kenyatta’s political activities and even threatened to deport him.

By 1948 the legislative council membership had 4 Africans and the African demand for independence was growing. However, the colonial government felt that the council needed more guidance. In 1950 the KAU militants and the ex-soldiers lost patience and the movement became an armed revolutionary one. Basing their underground movements in Nairobi, they made plans for direct action using forceful traditional oath. These practices were made to as promises to oust the settlers, obey the revolutionary leaders and keep secrets under threat of death. They attacked European and Asian shops and businesses so as to get guns and disappeared into forests to wage guerrilla warfare against the Europeans.

In 1951 the Land and Freedom Army was declared unlawful by the government.  In 1952 they made bases in the Aberdare forests and Mt. Kenya spreading their revolutionary activities over the highlands, rift valley region and Nairobi. They attacked European farms, raided villages for food and cleansed the land of those they thought were loyal to the government. Diplomatic or constitutional means employed to stop them by getting them to renounce revolution, failed. Governor Sir Evelyn Baring realizing that the  Land and Freedom Army soldiers were a potential danger and declared a state of emergency on 28th October 1952. More armed forces were brought into action and British troops flown into Kenya to control the situation but without success. Many suspected leaders of the Land and Freedom Army were arrested e.g. Tom Mbotela the vice president of the KAU and a Nairobi City Councilor was assassinated. Several villages were burnt down in the Lari massacre.

482375_553201871387422_1208764698_n

In April 1953 Kenyatta was arrested with his colleagues, he was tried and sentenced to seven years’ imprisonment after being found guilty of managing and directing the revolutionary movement’s activities. In June 1953 KAU was banned. Despite the arrest of its members, its activities continued.  In 1954 many members of the Kikuyu were rounded up in Nairobi and forced into special emergency villages or camps partly for their own protection and partly to stop them from contacting the rebels.

In January 1956, Itote popularly known as ‘General China’ a prominent military leader of the Land and Freedom Army was captured and executed and in October the same year, Dedan Kimathi was also killed.  After their capture, the struggle begun declining. However, fighting continued until 1960 when government declared that the emergency was over. The rebellion became a path for the future independence of Kenya which was later achieved on 12th December 1963.

72456_553220324718910_1214380239_n

How they were able to prolong the struggle?

  • Africans were using guerrilla warfare based in Abedare mountains and mountain Kenya making it difficult for the government to suppress them.
  • The rebels adopted good military strategies and spy network as the majority were ex-soldiers.
  • They had been able to acquire guns, which gave them military advantage.
  • The British were depending on the sell out Africans, some of whom were secret members of the Land and Freedom Army. The Africans were forced to take traditional oaths, which unified them.
  • The availability of able leaders like Jomo Kenyatta, Dedan Kimathi and General China.
  • African determination gave them courage to persist for a long time.
WHY WAS THE UPRISING SUPPRESSED/ REASONS WHY THE
RESISTANCE FAILED
  • Some Africans soled out and allied with the British. These included the brain washed Africans who called themselves ‘good Christians, law abiding citizens of Kenya’, and African chiefs who were appointed by the British. These collaborated with the British and defeated the Africans.
  • The resistance was affected and weakened by the removal of African strong leaders through detention, imprisonment and executions for example, in April 1953, Jomo Kenyatta was arrested, tried and sentenced to seven years’ imprisonment.
  • The British were better-equipped and better fighters. Militarily the British had superior weapons although the Africans had the zeal to fight they used locally made weapons to execute their cause as compared to the British who had armoured trains, guns and automatic tracing equipment like Binoculars. This partly explains why the revolutionary was defeated.
  • There were disagreements among the political parties in the later stages of the rebellion. The lack of a single mass political party that would have spearheaded the struggle for example, Kenya African National Union (KANU) which comprised of the Kikuyu and Luo advocated for a military government while Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) dominated by the Kalenjin and Coastal Bantu tribes advocated for a central government. These disagreements and quarrels partly explain the defeat.
  • The eventual death of commanders led like General China and Field Marshal Dedan Kimathi led to its defeat. These two had been the most experienced soldiers who had participated in the Second World War and knew well the weakness of European soldiers. Worse still, their death by public hanging served to frighten many Africans from joining the freedom fighters.
  • They had no enough food as they did not have time to engage in farming.  The food stores where burnt by the colonial government so the fighters had to survive by feeding on bitter roots, fish and wild game. Such a diet greatly demoralized them.
  • A part from forcing them to unite, the idea of forcing Africans to take an oath was disadvantageous to some extent since some people were not faithful.
  • The British were constantly re-enforced by their home governments.
  • Africans fought single-handedly, for example the British were constantly provided with food, ammunition and clothing. The British police could frequently be flown into Kenya to help the Kenya African rifles in disorganizing the revolutionary  movement.
  • Banning of political parties in Kenya weakened the movement. After the British realizing that political violence towards the Africans had failed to contain the strength of the guerrilla movement, they banned KAU and political leaders like Kenyatta were imprisoned. The party supporters threatened to withdraw their support while the combatants at the front lost the moral to fight. Such confusion could not yield any victory to the freedom fighter.
  • The determination of the British to calm down the rebellion. They used violent approaches to weaken the movement further for example, the government detained the Africans in reserves and this reduced the level of interaction amongst the Africans. The leaders of the uprising such as General China were publicly hanged, Jomo Kenyatta who was so influential was detained for seven years. This weakened the uprising which was defeated by 1956.

kenia

MEASURES TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPPRESS THE UP RISING

At first it was regarded as a minor rising, so it deployed the police who were using the King’s African Rifles. On realizing that this strategy had failed, the then governor, Sir Evelyn Baring declared a state of emergency and more troops were sent in from Europe as step one.

All political parties were abolished and Kenyatta and other prominent leaders suspected of being the key leaders of the movement were arrested. In April 1953, Kenyatta was sentenced to a term of seven years imprisonment.

Having got rid of the prominent leaders, government troops headed for the forests where serious fighting ensued. Meanwhile, a number of Kikuyu were rounded up and taken to special emergency camps in various areas, example, Nairobi, Embu, Meru

In 1954, government organized more raids in Nairobi area and rounded up more than 26,000 Kikuyu and also moved to other areas, like Kamba, Embu, Meru and so on.

Besides rounding up the Kikuyu, in Nairobi, the government also came for the Kikuyu who were studying at Makerere University.

In that same year (1954) General China was also arrested .His real name was Waruhiu Itote. He was captured and sentenced to death.  He was leading the struggle from Mt. Kenya.

Another leader, Dedan Kimathi who had continued with the struggle after General China was also captured and sentenced to death in 1956.

Many people erroneously believed that the Locks which became a symbol of the Rasta movement in Jamaica originated with the young Ras Tafari Makonnen. This is not true. The locks actually came to prominence when images of the Land and Freedom Army members were shown on tel-lie-vision, as the dark world became inspired by that nations just and righteous  struggle against imperialist barbarism. 

The spirit of the men and women who gave their lives for an independent Kenya  fondly and having the namesake of one of the struggles greatest heroes as Prime Minister, is not something the western devils care too much about. They failed in Zimbabwe and now they may also fail in Kenya! time will tell.

Kimathi

You can kill a revolutionary……

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s